1. Radio occupies one of the leading places among the greatest achievements of modern engineering. It was invented by professor Popov, the talented Russian scientist, who demonstrated the first radio receiving set in the world on May 7, 1895.On this day we mark the anniversary of the birth of the radio.
2. A.S. Popov was born in the Urals on March 16, 1859.For some years he had been studying at the seminary in Perm and then went to the University of St. Petersburg. In his students days he worked as a mechanic at one of the first electric power plants in St Petersburg A GREAT INVENTION OF RUSSIAN SCIENTIST, which was producing electric lights for Nevsky prospect.
3. After graduating from the University in 1882, A.S.Popov remained there as a post graduate at the physics department. A year later he became a lecturer in Physics and Electrical Engineering in Kronstadt. By this time he had already won recognition among specialists as an authority in this field.
4. After Hertz had published his experiments proving the existence of electromagnetic waves, A.S Popov thought of a possibility of using Hertz waves for transmitting signals over a distance. Thus the first wireless receiving set was created. Then Popov developed his device and A GREAT INVENTION OF RUSSIAN SCIENTIST on March 24, 1896 he demonstrated the transmission and reception of a radiogram consisting of two words: Heinrich Hertz. On that day the radio telegraphy was converted from an abstract theoretical problem into a real fact.
5. A.S. Popov did not live to see the great progress of his invention. In its first decree the Soviet Government planned the development of an industry for producing radio equipment, the construction of radio stations.
6. The 533-metre ferroconcrete TV tower at Ostankino, in the northern section of Moscow, is one of the world’s tallest free-standing structures. Moscow television centre is situated A GREAT INVENTION OF RUSSIAN SCIENTIST in Ostankino. It houses the broadcasting and TV stations, the apparatus and communication systems, the equipments of the Central High-Altitude Hydrometeorological Observatory. Television now plays an important part in many people’s lives. Television informs people about current events, the latest developments in science and politics.
V. Прочтите 2-ой абзац текста и вопрос к нему. Из приведенных вариантов укажите номер предложения содержащего правильный ответ.
Where did Popov work in his student’s days?
1. He worked at the gymnasium.
2. He worked at the first electric power plant.
3. He worked at the Post Office.
I. Перепишите следующие предложения; подчеркните в A GREAT INVENTION OF RUSSIAN SCIENTIST каждом из них глагол-сказуемое и определите его видо-временную форму и залог. Переведите предложения на русский язык. В разделе (б) обратите внимание на перевод пассивных конструкций.
а) 1. Konstantin Tsiolkovsky made his own laboratory equipment.
2. “Earth sputnik will represent a very small mass free from the pull of
gravitation”, he wrote.
3. He has spent some years on his experiments, so the results may be trusted.
б) 1. Tests on stresses on the human body are still carried today.
2. A new spaceship will be launched next month.
II. Перепишите следующие предложения; подчеркните Participle I и Participle II и установите функции каждого из A GREAT INVENTION OF RUSSIAN SCIENTIST них, т.е. укажите, является ли оно определением, обстоятельством или частью глагола-сказуемого. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. His books are widely read today by specialists in this field.
2. The machine parts lie on a moving platform.
3. Repeating his experiments he noticed an interesting regularity.
4. The first object observed by Galileo through the telescope was the moon.
5. When they were looking into the night sky they suddenly saw a “falling star”.